NOTE: This was inserted as a separate sheet into the first edition of Revolt against the Modern World Published anonymously, it was apparently written by Evola himself.
The seemingly polemical title of this work conceals a powerful historical and metaphysical reconstruction, as the basis for the in-depth understanding the greatest problems of the current age.
The author’s fundamental idea is the opposition between two types of civilizations, called “traditional” and “modern” respectively: the former, based on the values of pure spirituality, aristocracy, and hierarchy; the latter, rooted in the purely human, secular, and contingent element. With a sequence of summaries, the fundamental meanings are given that used to dominate in the living, believing, knowing, acting, ruling, and self-transcending of “traditional man”: meanings that an in-depth examination of the most varied texts and evidence are shown to be remarkably identical in all the greatest civilizations of the past. In a second part, the processes are made precise that, in a type of fall, led from the traditional world to the modern world. From the exploration of prehistory, in order to which it throws unsuspected light, the investigation proceeds in an historic outline that extends to the birth of the new Russian-American barbarism. First the Aryan, then the Roman and Ghibelline, civilizations in the author’s presentation appear as great luminous culminations in this sequence of events over millennia and as symbols of perennial relevance.
In conclusion, the author poses the problem of future times. That final word of the book is not so much a “decline of the West”, but rather a profession of heroic faith, precisely a call for the spiritual revolt after having had the courage of seeing that world of decadence in its depths and its remotest roots, against which those who believe in the highest possibilities of our Revolution fight today.
The book, of which a German translation is in preparation, has a totally distinctive character, in order to connect a collection of truly revolutionary historical views to the most serious, scientific documentation presented in an incisive, suggestive, and fully accessible style.
Revolt against the modern world is not a book of sterile polemics, but of serious culture, particularly illuminating for those who want to understand, through a collection of brief summaries, the meaning of history and the spirit of the greatest civilizations and institutions of the past as the positive basis to achieve a truly reconstructive action.
It therefore interests anyone who is not indifferent in the face of the great problems that assail the people in the present hour and from which solutions the destinies of the future world and of Western man in particular will depend.