Finally, we can consider the race of the heroes. The term hero is taken not in its common meaning, but with reference to the mythical traditions recounte by Hesiod, according to which, in the cycles of an already deviated and materialized humanity, Zeus, that is, the Olympic principle, generated a race virtually equipped with the possibility of regaining through action the primordial state, that golden or solar state of the first generation of the hyperborean cycle. Beyond the myth, it is a question of a type in which the Olympic or solar quality is no longer its nature, but a task, to be realized on the basis of distinct heredity or, better said, of a more pronounced atavistic component of the primordial race. Nevertheless, it alone is capable of making actual what had become latent and to regain what had been lost also by means of an internal transformation, of an overcoming, often depicted in terms of a second birth or initiation.
In La Razza Solare with the extracts from the works of Bachofen as well as a more precise description of these types, allusions to the most likely correspondence to the various races of the body are found and, in part, also to those of the research of the second degree that Clauss carried out. If we limit ourselves to pointing out the characteristics related to the highest plane, i.e., to the relationships of man with the spiritual world, in that work some applications and conclusions are found and one can find the values, institutions, symbols, customs, and forms of law that are predominantly reflected in one or the other race of the spirit.
Using such points of reference provides the possibility of surpassing two-dimensional history, of discovering the influences that have clashed, intertwined, or been superimposed behind the scenes of ancient civilizations and also the meaning of the prevalence, decline, or change of religious and ethico-social conceptions. One of our other works, Revolt Against the Modern World was an essay of such a metaphysics of the ancient civilizations, while in the extracts of Bachofen’s works, many elements are pointed out that are apt to favour further researches in that direction. Even many aspects of the modern world and contemporary civilization are presented in an unexpected and revealing light when this information is utilized.
We must not neglect to notice that some designations used by this classification of the races of the spirit—solar, telluric, lunar, etc.—like others that could have been adopted instead, while they were dictated by analogical reasons and references to typical ancient cults, they also raise the possibility of investigating the most profound meaning of traditions, like the one, e.g., according to which the decisive characteristics of men and even their terrestrial destinies, to a certain degree, would be determined by the choice of a given planet made by the spiritual nucleus of the personality before birth. For example, there is the conviction, professed even in the Roman world, that the regal man destined to regal dignity, because dominus natus [royal by birth], was the one who had made the influences of the sun his own. In this symbolic teaching that is found in much more precise and detailed forms in Aryan-Iranian and Indo-Aryan traditions, everything that we previously said in regard to the mystery of birth is veiled: the planets naturally are not the physical planets, but are designations used to define spiritual, super-individual forces (not without relationship to the notion of “demons” which everyone chooses), of which the physical planets are at most symbolic, sensible manifestations. The essence of such a doctrine is related therefore to that “nature” or transcendental election that was able, alone, to resolve the strongest objection that could be raised against the racial idea and the results of racial theory of the second degree, in their turn, can illuminate to the extent possible for human comprehension. Spontaneously beginning to hear terms like that of “solar man”, “lunar man”, etc., as apt and expressive, is already cogent for such an understanding.