Let’s now say something about research into the third grade of race, having the races of the spirit as its object. This is really the research of race at its ultimate root, wherever it is a question of normal civilizations and higher human lineages; the root, already connected to superpersonal, super-ethnic, metaphysical forces. For such research, the specific mode of conceiving both the sacred and the supernatural, as well as the relationship of man in respect to it, the vision of life in the highest sense, moreover, the entire world of symbols and myths constitute material as positive and objective as that of the racial features of the first degree such as facial features and cranial structures. Essentially in this area, the “signs” of “vertical”, super-historical heredity are perceivable, which we said earlier; the special importance of this new research is confirmed from that point of view.
This, on the other hand, has more vast and precise possibilities of exploration of the origins and therefore of indicating the primary elements of races, than the other two degrees of race. The documents on which it is based can actually date back to the most distant prehistory, to that period which is precisely called “mythical” and which for this reason, is erroneously considered uncertain and deprived of importance by “positive” history. Furthermore, while the anthropological, archeological, and paleontological materials in themselves are mute, and while those of the research of the second degree are particularly subject to change, the myth and the symbol, in their atemporal and ahistorical nature, instead have an essential character of immutability, and therefore can often transmit elements conserving their original purity to a great extent. But naturally to reach that point, the entire trunk of prehistoric researches and whatever is connected to it, is to be sketched out by the new doctrine of race on a basis absolutely different from what applies to the older: on a pure, sacred, and no longer profane basis. It is necessary to proceed therefore to a complete revolution in the order of criteria and preconceptions that predominate in such a field, which, according to the usual trick, claim to be the measure of everything that may be considered “serious” and “scientific”. And for the first thing, we repeat, it is necessary to get rid of the evolutionistic myth in all its forms, since it is evident that if one continues to believe that the further one goes back in time, the more one sinks into the horror of a bestial barbarity, the presumption of obtaining the points of reference valid for the present from the investigations of prehistory and of the mythical periods of origins, would be something insane. Wherever any evolutionistic premise is in use, to investigate the origins and to give prominence to the principle of heredity would lead fatally to aberrations like those of certain psychoanalytic exegetes such as Freud’s Totem and Taboo.
From the point of view here considered, we must say that the domain of the symbol and the myth, among us, is almost virgin territory. Giambattista Vico certainly did not create a school in Italy: rather, only secondary and often minor aspects of his theories have been adopted. Our official and unofficial culture, the one that calls itself “serious” and “critical” and that unfortunately is also largely represented in general education, considers symbol and myth to this day either as an arbitrary creation of pre-philosophical knowledge, or as something pertinent to inferior religious forms, or as a figurative and superstitious interpretation of merely natural phenomena, or, finally, as the formation of folklore—not to mention the discoveries of psychoanalysis and so called sociological schools, both typical creations of Judaism, that were introduced to us.
All these limitations and preconceptions must be overcome; otherwise, one must give up the fruits of the most fecund research in regard to race and primordial traditions. It is necessary to go back to conceiving myth and symbol as ancient, traditional man conceived it, i.e., as the characteristic expressions of a super-rational reality, objective in its own way, and almost as the sign, recognizable through every expert eye, of metaphysical forces that act in the depth of races, traditions, religions, and historical and prehistorical civilizations. Penetrating into the world of origins, while assuming such a point of view, is—we willingly concede—something not immune from dangers, because such a domain eludes the common means of control and criticism and, given the general lack of preparation in the field, every arbitrary and fantastic interpretation could have the right of citizenship in it. Germany has not failed to provide some examples of that. Without the armor of solid traditional principles and special qualification, quite different from that required for a “critical” research or for “philosophical” interpretation, move evil than good can come from the exploration into the question through deformations and corruptions.
In regard to general principles, if we want to profit from other people’s experience in this aspect of research of the third degree, we must prevent an error, of which Klages and, in a certain measure, even Jung, can be considered the most significant proponents, which, by only recognizing the value of the symbol and myth as the object of a “deep science”, it sees in them only a type of projection of the soul of the race, conceived irrationally as an expression of simple “vital” forces: “Life” (with the capital L) or the “Collective Unconscious” would be manifested in symbol and myth. That is false. And it is dangerous because it implies a romantic-naturalistic and rather one-sided conception of what race is, and must mean, for us. When it is a question of superior races, we repeat that the notion of race must be strictly joined to that of tradition, and in tradition, in its turn, the presence and the efficiency of meta-biological, metaphysical, not sub-rational but super-rational, forces must actually be recognized, acting formatively on purely physical and “vital” evidence and constituting the mystery of everything that, through race, assumes a fixed, unmistakable nature. Symbol and myth are signs of such deep forces of race, of which we just spoke, not of a type of irrational, instinctive and unconscious substrate of the ethnic group conceived in itself, a substrate that would be really make us think of the “spirits” or the totems of primitive communities. In the face of confusions of this type, it is appropriate to recognize that some accusations against racial doctrine manifested as a type of new “totemism”, a return to the spirit of the primordial horde, harmful for every true value of the personality, have a certain degree of justification.
Symbol and myth in our doctrine of race instead have the merit of documentary evidence through their capacity to lead us into the primary super-rational spiritual element of the races, to what is truly elemental in the world of origins. This element constitutes the leading thread for complementary investigations of various types. Custom, ethics, ancient law, and language certainly furnish other signs for the investigation of the third degree of race and for the racial interpretation of the history of civilization. But, even here, in order to obtain valid results it is necessary to remove the limitations of the modern mentality and to recognize that, in the ancient world, ethics, law, and customs were only chapters dependent on “religion”: i.e., they reflect meanings and principles characteristic of a super-rational and sacred order. It is necessary to pick out the central point in this order, capable of conferring on everything else its own correct significance. When the investigation is closed to those forms taken in themselves, i.e., ethics, customs, law, language itself and art in the abstract, rather than as expressions above all of a given race of the body and the soul, then, by means of this, as applications or reflections of general meanings typical of tradition, the spiritual and animating force of race—when it is closed to that, again, it would remain in the are not of the original, but of the derived, not of the essential, but of the ancillary. In the face of so many of today’s works, discouraged and losing themselves in the labyrinth of specialism and criticism without principles, the fundamental work of Fustel de Coulanges, like others of the same period and those of Bachofen, maintain, in this regard, in spite of all the imperfections dependent on the period in which they were written, a fundamental importance and are worth indicating the right direction for a series of studies that integrate them with the specific consideration of the race element.
Let us point out right now that to emphasize this original, spiritual element hidden in traditional myth and symbol, that, in races, goes beyond their merely biological, material and, fundamentally, even human, aspect, is very important even from the practical point of view. With it, actually, from what is conditioned by time and history and that, therefore, could only give rise to never experienced re-exhumations, almost “commemorations”, one moves into the order of what, as essentially atemporal, is not to be considered of “yesterday”, of a given “history” or “prehistory”, but of a perennial relevance: to the eternal race. And it is exactly this race that can converted to an idée-force, capable of facilitating, through an awakening, by means of the law of attraction that attracts the similar to itself, the practical and creative tasks of applied doctrine of race, which is: the actualization of the “super-race” in the heart of the “race” as people, as the common type defined by a certain ethnic mixture, the re-emergence of the higher elements to the pure state and their formative reaffirmation, repeating the same mystery of the origins, in a new cycle of civilization.